Let's change topic and go to Africa because Africa has been less affected by the pandemic, the numbers however are still low, at least the official ones, there are not that many pads and there the situation is dramatic, even from the point of view of health, however, will be the continent that will pay more and there is a kind of mobilisation is very important that the Church is doing. I welcome Rossella Miranda, head of Harambee Africa International, who tells us a little' how are you going to be the question, and this mobilization, precisely, of Harambee Africa International. Welcome Rossella, thank you for being with us!
Thank you, good morning and many thanks for this opportunity, so precious. Harambee Africa International is committed for over twenty years in promoting better living conditions in the african continent and this is a special moment, and difficult. The emergence of the Covid-19 in which we are living is a time of suffering for all, and of great concern, and we know that the pandemic is affecting every nation, without distinction of race, economic status, geographical location, this makes us then, but feel with greater intensity, that we are all globally interconnected, and we cannot, therefore, exist independently from the others. What affects one ends up to cover all, it is for this reason that in this situation it is appropriate to also take care of those most in a state of necessity, because it is true that, if at the beginning of this pandemic, we thought that the african continent could be saved, the latest data tell us that the number of cases, unfortunately, are increasing. According to data from the World Health Organization it took 98 days to reach the first 100,000 cases, and only 18 days to go to 200,000 infected, then the scenario is changing significantly. What he cares about, perhaps even more so, it is not only the health status of the population, but, like you said, the consequences linked to the spread of the virus and the economic and social consequences because, in contexts that are particularly vulnerable, is hard to manage the virus because the health care is precarious and insufficient, but the consequences on the daily life of the people are very strong. In many Countries, in many contexts, malnutrition is widespread, there is an overcrowding of housing, as to which the virus makes it difficult to own access to the resources they need to live, then not only health, but water, food. The impact of coronavirus therefore is likely to lead to a crisis of food and nutrition that is well beyond the current ones. We must say that we record a mobilization by governments from the beginning; they attempted to implement measures for the containment of the Covid-19, but remember that, in Africa, the closures distanziamenti are not always indication, the economy is economy is mainly informal, the jobs are day-to-day, the people to eat he needs to get out of the house and, if we go forward in this study, I should also mention the problem, the disaster, connected to the second wave of locusts. East Africa, first of all, it is in the devastation because of these locusts that come from the desert, and that they are destroying the crops, putting at risk the food security. Tens of thousands of hectares of cultivated land and pastures have already been damaged in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and the impacts on malnutrition, on the possibility of food for entire populations, are truly dramatic.
Let's say that the pandemic is only an nth of the emergency situation, because there, were telling me about, that people faint in the street, are taken and brought to who knows where, not in the buffer. Above all, it is already dying of other diseases, so they are get used to this unfortunately. The accounts do not come back also from the point of view of the pandemic, no one knows what is the true spread, because there is no real control to mount.
Absolutely, certain data do not exist, and truly the uncertainties on the evolution of the pandemic are truly innumerable. Even the scientific community cannot make assumptions more or less probable. You spoke of a hypothetical immunity genetics, the warmer temperatures could make the virus less active, the population is young, the age of the young population. The fact is, however, that the cases are increasing, and especially the measures make it difficult to live daily.
Then, faced with such a scenario, Harambee, with its committees in the different Countries of the world, has decided to launch a fundraising campaign of the joint to support the initiatives of emergence of some hospitals that are already our partners in Nigeria, in Ivory Coast and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. These structures are involved daily in ensuring medical assistance and health education to the weakest, to those people who are not able to assume the cost of medical expenses. Behold, these hospitals, in this moment, they need us. The first requests that we have received concern, of course, all those measures for the protection from the contagion; for this we have prepared a web section on our site is very simple, and allows you to connect the individual cost to the needs, the goods required. In this situation, in the face of problems that are global and require solutions that are complex and global, each of us can make a difference, because all you need is really a small little help. Just to mention some of these requests, we can know that, for example, with 40€, we ensure a protection kit to a health care provider, with 250€ to contribute to equipment for the icu - are the structures devoted to the icu. For example, in Kenya, about 50 million inhabitants, there are a hundred of structures arranged to accommodate the most serious cases. To sanitize the premises, for a day, they are required 25 €, and then there are the prevention campaigns, training and awareness-raising, that are very important. These hospitals are strongly involved in these initiatives, because prevention, as we all know, is fundamental, and these campaigns are aimed particularly at women.